All these trains exist, they have actually reached such speeds, but they all also share the same downside: you can’t buy a ticket and enjoy a ride at their rated speed.
The reasons are that either their normal service speed is lower, or those trains are not in service at all (or at least not yet).
Therefore, if you are in Europe, you will hardly find a train with a normal service top speed higher than 200 mph (Italy will follow with 225 mph next year), with similar top speeds in China and Japan. China even reduced its fastest trains’ top speed from 220 mph to 186 mph after an accident in 2011.
The main reason behind such discrepancies between train top speed and service speed is given by railway networks, which set a limit for speed, regardless of the train going through them.
While running at 200 mph or faster is still awesome, one could wonder which the fastest train in normal service is.
Well, there is one which reaches 267 mphin normal service already.
As soon as I jumped into the car at the airport I saw a green cable placed on the passenger’s seat.
When I reached my hotel, I noticed that every parking bay had a stake with a box on top of it. Inside the box, a power socket and a settable timer. The green cable is used to connect the box to a small socket on the front of the car. That will provide power to maintain engine and battery warm. My car has also studded tires.
Driving on road #80, New Zealand, near the shore of Lake Pukaki, with Mount Cook on the background
Driving on the left side of the road after you’ve been driving on the right all your life shouldn’t scare you, but you shouldn’t shrug it off either. Besides, most times it is not only a matter of driving on the other side of the road, it also about driving on the other side of the car. Here you can find my ten tips to help you with your first drive-on-left experience.
My first drive-on-the-left experience
My first drive-on-the-left experience occurred in New Zealand and I was pretty nervous about that.
First car I drove on the left hand side of the road, New Zealand.
Just after I started feeling a little confident, I had my second experience in Australia, and it was even harder than the very first one: I was given a big car (at least much bigger than the city car I used to drive in Europe), it was raining heavy, it was rush hour, I hadn’t slept the night before. But… I coped.
In fact, I coped so well that in the following years I drove an estimated 9,000 km (5500 mi) all on the wrong side of the road (while in Europe I drove on the right side of the road, ah-ah I’m such a comedian).
I have seen other people taking it much easier than me their first time, while others simply refused to seat behind the wheel on that side of the car. Some would not even bother. They will just use public service.
Nevertheless, there are some travel experiences that have a car as preferred mean of transportation. I could not imagine exploring the Australian Outback without a rented car; at least I couldn’t imagine doing that my way. The freedom way.
For anybody expecting to drive on the left for their first time, I used my personal experience to develop the following
10 tips on how to drive stress-free on the left for the first time.
1. AVOID DRIVING ON THE LEFT FOR THE FIRST TIME JUST AFTER A 24-HOUR FLIGHT. As any new thing, do that after you had a good rest. Would you drive under normal conditions while risking falling asleep or when lacking attention? Obviously not. Let alone finding yourself in such a situation the first time you drive on the left. And yet so many people do that after a long flight. It happened to me on my second left-drive experience. I had to do that to reach a motel (3 miles away or so) and I felt pretty uncomfortable. Then I slept all the afternoon. Hope you will be available to avoid those three miles.
2. CHOOSE A SMALL CAR. I can’t overstate this. You want to have a rather small car, in order to make things simpler. Easier parking, more margin of error in traffic. If you like larger cars, you can think of renting one that next time, when you’ll be more accustomed to left-hand-driving. The definition of small car is country-dependent. A small car in Australia can be a medium-size car in Ireland. It is also occupant-dependent. A family with teenager children doesn’t have the same idea of small car as a skinny 20-years-old woman has. Choose the smallest car according to your needs.
3. CHOOSE THE SAME GEAR SYSTEM YOU USE AT HOME. If it is your habit to drive a car endowed with a manual gear, go for it, and vice versa. Automatic gear is for sure simpler to operate, but I’m not sure it is the case when you’re not used to it. In my humble opinion, looking for a clutch pedal all the time (and failing in doing so) will not help your concentration behind the wheel. On the other hand, if you are, say, an American, you sure don’t want an additional new thing like changing gear manually to bother you right the moment you’re driving on the left for the first time.
4. LEARN WHO HAS PRIORITY EVEN BEFORE YOU START DRIVING. When you’re approaching a crossroad, you’d better know whether you should give way to vehicles coming from the right or to the ones from the left. Don’t take it for granted. For instance, most countries in Continental Europe drive on right and give way to those on their right, while in the UK you drive on the left, and yet you give way still on the right.
5. BUILD CONFIDENCE WITH THE CAR OFF-ROAD. That is not always possible of course. But nothing prevents you from prowling in the car rental parking lot for some time.
6. USE GPS NAVIGATION. It’s easier to have something giving you directions, instead of figuring them out yourself while you’re so busy driving on the left.
7. KEEP IN MIND THAT YOU HAVE MUCH LESS DEPTH PERCEPTION FOR CAR’S LEFT SIDE…. than the one you have for its right side when you drive sitting on the left seat. It is very easy to slam the left mirror onto another car, or tires against sidewalks while parking. All people I discussed that with reported this kind of problems from their drive-on-left experience. I got away with scratched left hubcaps a couple of times, one in Canberra and one in Brisbane. That’s another reason why a small car is better.
8. LOOK RIGHT FIRST. Pay particular attention when you enter a street from a parking lot. Our instinct is to look on the left to check for approaching cars on the side we’re coming from. It’s obviously the opposite in left-hand-driving countries when you think about it, but it’s less obvious when you’re on your first left drive and you’re under stress and everything is new and you’re operating a stick with your left hand, and you’ve checked that nobody is coming from the usual side…….. oooops! An angry Briton is honking the horn at you, who were apparently looking at the wrong side. Better repeating to yourself “Now that I’m going to enter traffic, what should I do? Looking to the right first”.
9. DRIVE ON A ROAD WITH MINOR TRAFFIC LEVELS ON YOUR FIRST DAY, IF POSSIBLE. It seems a pretty obvious tip, but it works well. Everything is much simpler if done with few to no other road users around you.
10. KEEP LEFT ON MULTI-LANE ROADS UNLESS YOU’RE OVERTAKING. Right lanes are usually for passing, therefore remember to keep left lane it if you’re slower than others.
Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland, together with Saint Gotthard railway tunnel and the road tunnel, represent a major European transit point connecting Northern and Southern Europe through the Saint Gotthard Massif, a mountain range in the Swiss Alps.
Saint Gotthard Pass
Saint Gotthard Pass in summer – Click on it
Saint Gotthard Pass is a relatively low altitude (2,100 m, or 6,900 ft) passage point in the Gotthard Massif, in the middle of the Swiss Alps. It has been used over the last hundreds of years as a crossing point for people and goods transportation. To the north lie the Swiss cities of Zurich and Bern, then the Rhine basin and Germany. To the south, the Ticino Valley with the Swiss Canton bearing the same name, followed by the valleys of Northern Italy.
Although the pass is entirely located on Swiss territory, it is part of both a geological and a linguistic continental divide.
The pass crosses the European continental watershed that separates the Mediterranean Sea basin from the North Sea Basin. This division also reflects on languages spoken by inhabitants of both sides: while both Swiss citizens, south inhabitants (Canton Ticino) speak Italian, while north ones speak German (Canton Uri).
This separation is found throughout all the Alps.
Nowadays Gotthard Pass is mainly a leisure summer destination where enjoying sight of mountains’ majesty and refreshment from heat. It is closed to traffic in winter. A few small lakes lie on pass plane.
Saint Gotthard Railway Tunnel
Saint Gotthard Railway Tunnel is a 15-kilometer (9 miles) tunnel built inside Saint Gotthard Massif at an elevation of 1,100 meters above sea level.
It was excavated in the 1870s and opened to rail traffic in 1882. Its construction claimed the lives of approximately 200 people, including the engineer leading construction, Louis Favre.
The tunnel took over traffic from the pass since its completion and has served as a major connecting passage between northern and southern Europe to this day. It is mainly crossed by passenger and freight trains that reach Italy from Switzerland and from Germany.
Railway and Motorway Approaching Saint Gotthard
A Glimpse On The Valley While Approaching Saint Gotthard
Following car traffic increase in the 1960s and 1970s, a road tunnel was constructed at approximately the same level of the old railway tunnel, and opened in 1980.
With its length of just over 16 km (10 mi), Gotthard road tunnel was the longest road tunnel in the world at its completion and it is now the third.
The tunnel features a heavy traffic load. Since there is only one lane for each direction and a safety distance is mandatory for vehicles, traffic lights are placed at both ends in order to dilute traffic inside the tunnel. This can result in massive traffic jams outside the tunnel, that can reach almost 20 km (12 mi) in length in summertime.
Traffic jam at north portal of the Saint Gotthard road tunnel, August 2012 – Click to enlarge
While Saint Gotthard Pass is no longer used for transportation, both Gotthard railway tunnels and road tunnel will see their traffic increasing in the following years, gaining importance for trans-Europe transportation.
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